East Asian Architectural Culture International Conference (EAAC 2011) Date: 12-14 May 2011;
Venue: National University of Singapore
Theme: South of East Asia: Re-addressing East Asian Architecture and Urbanism
The Department of Architecture of the National University of Singapore is organizing the East Asian Architectural Culture International Conference to be held in Singapore from 12 to 14 May 2011. The theme of this year’s conference is ‘South of East Asia: Re-addressing East Asian Architecture and Urbanism’.This is the first time that Singapore, a city-state in Southeast Asia, is selected to host this international conference to promote the study of East Asian architecture and urbanism. This is a milestone as it heralds the trend of debating East Asian study beyond geographical boundaries. Moreover, it reveals the close historical ties and the shared cultures between Singapore and the other East Asian countries. The study on Chinese overseas has also presented rich evidence of the cultural diffusion from China to surrounding countries. In turn, the hybridized culture that resulted from the fusion of Chinese civilization and local traditions exercised an intriguing influence on the modern development of China. In a post-modern society that sees an increasing transnational flow of people, a comprehensive understanding of architecture and urbanism in East Asia can only be achieved through interdisciplinary research and in-depth study of cultural exchange in the region. Besides providing the conventional platform for scholars to share and exchange information from their study of architectural culture and urbanism in East Asia, the EAAC 2011 will offer an extraordinary opportunity for these topics to be re-addressed in the context of Southeast Asia with particular focus on cultural exchange in the region. Scholars and professionals from the fields of architecture (theory and practice), architectural and urban history, urban studies and other relevant disciplines are welcome to present papers related to the following four sub-themes and to participate in the poster session.
Attended EAAC 2011 conference at NUS recently, speakers and scholars from different parts of East Asian countries were participating this conference. Various titles under different subthemes were presented during the conference. It was actually a good chance to meet scholars from different parts of East Asian countries, but in my opinion , the main and sole problem for this kind of conference is the language difficulties. As scholars are mostly from korea, Japan, China , and Taiwan, which English is not their main language, attendants found that it is difficult to understand their presenation. It is really a waste, I might prefer that there are translator provided for the conference.
"Rick has given us amazing spaces, huge shafts of light, glorious views, intriguing corridors, flying stairs, intimacy, boldness and restraint. Everywhere there is invention, generosity of spirit, welcome, challenge."
The Sloane Robinson building is the Brick Awards Winner in year 2003. The building's main feature is the 250-seat flexible multi-purpose O'Reilly Theatre which can open out onto the garden terrace and incorporates retractable seating. A dining hall and recital room are located at street level, while upper floors contain six seminar rooms and twenty study bedrooms with magnificent views towards the Butterfield buildings and St Giles Chapel.
The building incorporates innovative low energy strategies, including a unique geothermal ground water heating/cooling exchange system cast into the foundations, the first of its kind in the UK. Buried pipes work to extract ground heat in winter for distribution through concrete slabs via a basement heat exchanger. In summer, the system is reversed to allow cooling. The electricity requirement of the system is around a third less than that used by conventional air-based systems.
Externally, reference is made to Butterfield's rich brickwork by the use of vertically and horizontally laid hand-made bricks that adopt a colour from Butterfield's polychromatic palette. To delineate the curved building ends the brickwork is vertically stack bonded, whereas the Blackhall Road elevation features a horizontal arrangement to complement the two inset glazed slots
Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect, was a renowed architect of building for the poor. He opened his architecture practice in Cairo, deeply involved in creating an indigenous environment using the mst minimal cost and also to improve the living standards in rural settlement area.
Hassan Fathy integrated Egypt traditional architectural and construction materials into his design, he even trained the locals to use local materials to build their own houses. He also valued the used of brick walls and courtyards for great natural ventilation.
Fares School old photo
windows bring in sunlight
Fares school, is a prototype school by Fathy, where he implant a lot of his previous ideas into the whole design. The administrative and communal areas (mosque, library and hall) each faced east and west while the classroom facing north and south with a courtyard in the middle.
"The quality and values inherent to the traditional and human response to the environment might be preserved without a loss of the advances of science. Science can be applied to various aspects of our work, while it is at the same time subordinated to philosophy, faith and spirituality."(quoted from African art and architecture)
"The classrooms, like the other areas of the school, were originally intended to be naturally ventilated, due to the extreme difficulty and prohibitive cost of providing mechanical means of cooling. To achieve this, the architect divided each classroom into a square domed area and a rectilinear vaulted space next to it. The domed area was intended to be the seating for the classroom, while the rectilinear space next to it was meant to contain a salsabil, or water pool, to further cool the air coming in through the slots in the vault above. Further ventilation was also expected to be supplied by operable casement windows that were paired with a circular fixed lunette specified to provide light only. In elevation, the rows of classrooms with their alternating slotted vaults and rounded domes clearly tell the story of their intended function, even though they are now partially screened by a boundary wall which has been built to separate them from a main street running alongside. The salsabils, however, were never installed, and the entire space is now used for teaching." (quoted from archnet)
"How do we go from the architect/constructor system to the architect-owner/builder system? One man cannot build a house, but ten men can build ten houses very easily, even a hundred houses.We need a system that allows the traditional way of cooperation to work in our society. We must subject technology and science to the economy of the poor and penniless. We must add the aethetic factor because the cheaper we build the more beauty we should add to respect man." Hassan Fathy
The commision architect for the design of Merida Museum of Roman Art is Rafael Moneo, a Spanish architect . He was the laureate of Pritzker Architecture Prize of 1996 and also being awarded Royal Gold Medal by RIBA.
The citation by Architectural Association chairman Mohsen Mostafavi, describes Moneo, 67, as "the closest we have to the renaissance architect – practitioner, teacher, theorist, critic … deeply knowledgeable on the arts".
The Merida Museum of Roman Art was awarded the Manuel de la Dehesa Prize for Emblematic Public Building in Spain of the Decade 1983-1993. The site where the building stands was important archeological findings site, well in front of the archeological complex of the theatre and amphitheatre. Its location become one of the main feature of the design: how to house the collections , how to allude the visitors about the ROMAN past, and how to connects different essential past together?
The plan was finished at the end of 1980 and construction started in the middle of 1981. Rafael Moneo incorporated architecture elements which represent Roman architecture into his design. The brick vaults allowed the building merge with the ancient Roman city.
The museum composed of two main sections which is separated by the Roman road and connected by the imposing walkway which cross over the archaeological remains below. One section is the museum and warehouses, while the second section housed the theatre .
The strongest and most impressive architecture feature would be the main nave with a series of parallel bays of brick vaults. The articulation of the brick vault in addition with the height given and the light manipulated into the museum, gifted a sublime ambiences to the visitors.
Nanjing Central Stadium was built in 1931 by 2 China famous architects ,Guan Song Sheng and Yang Ting Bao, as the venue for the Fifth National Sports Event of the Republic China. Nanjing Central Stadium was once the biggest stadium compound in the east, composed of athletic stadium, basketball court, martial art stadium, tennis court, football stadium and racecourse with the total coverage of 1030 acres.
The Athletic Stadium is the stadium most important building, located at the end of the center axis. The stadium is equipped with 500 meter running track and 2 straight 200 meter track., football field ,basketball court and tennis court can be found in the stadium as well. At least 3/4 of the stadium is surrounded by the audience platform, under the platform were once the athletes’ dorm , bathrooms, washrooms and etc. The stadium is symmetrically planned with 2 entrance both located at the north and the south side of the stadium, enhanced by a 5.5meter in height delicately decorated arched entrance. The entrance’s elevation is decorated with Chinese traditional pattern and Wangzhu.
A voussoir is a wedge-shaped element, typically a stone, (piatra) used in building an arch.Although each unit of stone in an arch or vault is known as a voussoir, there are two specified voussoir components of an arch: the keystone and the springer.The keystone is the center stone or masonry unit at the apex of an arch, often decorated, embellished or exaggerated in size. （source: Wikipedia)
Garfield who don't like pizza so much, always looks tired, seldom active, mostly passive, but foreverly SLOW.
This Garfield live without big dreams and big aims in life..... but with extreme interest in ARCHITECTURE.
Hoping to travel and enjoy ARCHITECTURE.
Currently continue studies in Nanjing and wont be able to add new post into this blog while I am in China. Feel free to visit my blog about Nanjing and other architecture projects that I like to share to all. www.phayung.blog.com
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